At the press conference of the 13th National People’s Congress on March 12th, Yin Zhongqing, vice chairman of the Financial and Economic Committee of the 12th National People’s Congress, said that supply-side structural reform is to adapt to the new normal of China’s economy and effectively resolve the current economic downturn in our country. The adoption of a very important reform policy is also the main line of China’s current economic policy. During the investigation, it was found that some places simply regard traditional industries as backward industries. To achieve transformation and upgrading of traditional industries through technological transformation and renewal, we must promote the coordinated development of traditional manufacturing industries and strategic emerging industries, and promote the development of manufacturing industries to the mid-to-high end.
He also pointed out: “In the past, some manufacturing industries, especially textiles, chemical fiber, garments, shoes and hats, have been heavily transferred to foreign countries, especially Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, Africa, and Latin America. We want to use two markets, two Resources, promote the coordinated development of ‘introduction’ and ‘going out’, and encourage enterprises to gradually transfer from the coastal areas to the central and from the central to the western regions. Therefore, we must use two markets and two resources to promote the introduction of “and” and “ “Going out” to coordinate development and encourage enterprises to gradually transfer from the coastal areas to the central and from the central to the western regions. We should also promote the development of advantageous enterprises overseas. We should also continue to strengthen the introduction of foreign capital, and China cannot prematurely hollow out its industries.”
Knocking on blackboard
What is worth paying attention to Yin Zhongqing’s speech?
◆ We must promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry when we are vigorously developing the service industry
◆ In the process of “three visits, one drop and one supplement,” we cannot simply use administrative means to “shut down and transfer”.
◆ To integrate manufacturing and financial industry more closely
◆No backward industry, only backward technology
◆ can not be a legacy of some traditional industries into backward industries
◆ In fact, some traditional industries are still the foundation for supporting the entire economic development.
◆ “Three go, one drop and one supplement” is not to eliminate or suppress the development of small and micro enterprises in large numbers
◆ Promote the coordinated development of “bringing in” and “going out”
◆ China cannot prematurely hollow out the industry
Yin Zhongqing said at the press conference that in the first half of last year, according to the deployment of the NPC Standing Committee, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress arranged for the State Council to listen to the State Council’s special work report on advancing structural reforms on the supply side to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. Special research. The research group has gone to Shanghai, Hubei, Chongqing, Hunan, Shandong, Tianjin, and Zhejiang provinces and cities to conduct research and inspected nearly 100 companies. The research report mainly mentions six suggestions:
How to correctly understand and handle the relationship between manufacturing and service industry
I think that with the rapid development of e-commerce, big data, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things, the manufacturing industry is more diverse in form, with higher technological content and added value. When we vigorously develop the service industry, we must promote the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry to enhance the manufacturing value chain to extend to both ends of the “smile curve”.
How to correctly understand and handle the relationship between the government and the market
The research report pointed out that in the course of the development of the manufacturing industry, the phenomenon of oversight and absence of government still exists in a large number, and the problems of excessive intervention and excessive administrative means are also prominent. Some local governments have simply used administrative means to “shut down and switch” in the process of “three visits, one drop and one supplement,” and have not paid attention to the use of market measures to solve the problems of overcapacity and zombie enterprises’ clearance and to solve the debt and debt of some enterprises. And the issue of the placement of workers, this is an individual phenomenon. Therefore, we propose that we must adopt more precise fiscal policies, monetary policies, industrial policies, and science and technology policies when advancing structural reforms on the supply side. We must clarify the relationship between the government and the market. The government that does the government should not use the government. The government can’t reach out to the government. We should make better use of market-oriented and legalized means to solve problems in economic development. Therefore, by perfecting industrial policies, we will activate market mechanisms to promote the sustained and healthy development of the manufacturing industry.
How to correctly understand and handle the relationship between manufacturing and financial industry
We know that a major problem in the Chinese economy over the past few years is that the real economy is out of touch with the development of the financial industry. Therefore, to advance supply-side structural reforms, we must integrate the manufacturing industry and the financial industry more closely, guide the financial industry and financial markets to continue to meet the funding needs of the manufacturing industry, and allow the financial sector to better support and service the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry.
How to correctly understand and handle the relationship between traditional industries and emerging industries
In the survey, we found that some localities simply regard traditional industries as backward industries. In fact, there are no backward industries and only backward technologies. Therefore, in the kinetic energy conversion of the manufacturing industry, we must pay attention to dealing with this relationship. We need to make incremental adjustments in stock adjustments, and in order to promote stock adjustments and gradually reduce excess production capacity. Some traditional industries cannot be branded as backward industries, and they do not have a head start in emerging industries. In fact, some traditional industries are still the foundation for supporting the entire economic development, and it is mainly through technological transformation and upgrading to realize the transformation of traditional industries. In order to upgrade, we must promote the coordinated development of traditional manufacturing industries and strategic emerging industries, and promote the development of manufacturing industries to the mid-to-high end.
How to correctly handle the relationship between large and medium-sized enterprises and small and micro enterprises
We know that in our country, many large and medium-sized enterprises are state-owned enterprises, and small and micro enterprises are more privately-owned enterprises. “Three go, one drop, and one supplement” is not a state advancement, nor does it mean that a large number of small and micro enterprises will be eliminated or suppressed. In fact, large-scale enterprises, medium-sized enterprises, small-scale enterprises, micro-enterprises, state-owned enterprises, private enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises, and domestic-funded enterprises all have their own characteristics and advantages. Therefore, in the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, we must optimize the industrial structure of the enterprise, shift the emphasis on large- and medium-sized enterprises, pay attention to state-owned enterprises, and pay equal attention to large-scale enterprises, medium-sized enterprises, small enterprises, and micro enterprises, and pay more attention to medium-sized enterprises. The development of small and medium-sized enterprises and micro-enterprises has attached greater importance to the development of private enterprises and promoted a more balanced corporate structure.
How to correctly understand and handle the relationship between the domestic market and the international market
In our investigation, we discovered that in recent years, “cage” has been released in some places, especially in the coastal areas, but “birds” have not been introduced, including the “One Belt, One Road” initiative to encourage enterprises to go out, but some Local manufacturing industries, especially textile-intensive, chemical fiber, clothing, shoes and hats, have moved to foreign countries, especially Southeast Asia, Bangladesh, Africa and Latin America. Therefore, we must use two markets and two kinds of resources to promote the coordinated development of “introducing” and “going out” and encouraging enterprises to gradually transfer from the coastal to the central and from the central to the western regions. We should also promote the development of advantageous enterprises overseas. We should also continue to strengthen the introduction of foreign capital. China cannot prematurely hollow out its industry. In our investigation, we must deal with the relationship between the two kinds of international and domestic markets and the “introduction” and “going out” of the two types of resources in order to achieve a higher level of openness to the outside world.
“No backward industry, only backward technology”
Is talking about the hearts of textile people.
Two sessions this year,
Many textile representatives have put forward such views.
Shao Changjin, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Xinxiang Bailu Investment Group Co., Ltd., said at a forum of representatives of the “two sessions” representatives of the textile industry that in many people’s understanding, the tradition lags behind. However, after visiting the textile factory, it was textile. The industry is shocked by technology and modernization. The textile industry is a society that has made great contributions to the country’s economic stability. The textile people’s self-confidence should become stronger and stronger.
Pan Xueping, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Jiangsu Jinsheng Industry Co., Ltd., also stated that among the several key tasks highlighted by the central government, poverty alleviation, high quality development, etc. are all inseparable from the textile industry. The whole society must restart its understanding of textiles, and textiles should increase their publicity and self-confidence.
As Yin Zhongqing said, “Traditional industries are still the foundation for supporting the entire economic development.” Sun Ruizhe, chairman of the China Textile Industry Federation, once stated that the textile industry has always played a stabilizing role in the Chinese economy, and its pillar industry status has not been shaken. China’s textile industry has established the most complete modern manufacturing system in the world, and the manufacturing capacity and level of the industry chain are among the highest in the world. The gradual change in the capital structure of textile enterprises and the simultaneous dynamism of multiple capital in the industry reflect the basic role of the market in resource allocation.
The textile industry is an important livelihood sector. In the past 40 years, the industry has not only created a large number of jobs, but has directly benefited from “three rural issues”. Most of the textile industry’s working population is transferred from rural to rural areas. The industry provides more than 10 million jobs and hundreds of billions of yuan in cash income each year for rural migrant workers, and uses 9 million tons of domestic natural fiber raw materials each year for rural and peasants. And contribute to agricultural development.
In recent years, the textile industry has gradually shifted from the coastal to the central, and from the central to the western. Some advantageous companies are developing overseas. NPC deputy and chairman of Shandong Ruyi Holdings Group Chairman Qiu Yafu recently said in a Shandong delegation’s plenary session that Shandong had a total of 13 built from Shandong to Ningxia, from northern Xinjiang to southern Xinjiang, from China to Pakistan and then to Africa. In the smart manufacturing industrial base, 12,000 children of all nationalities are employed.
Qiu Yafu also said that Ruyi focused on the main line of science and technology textiles and fashion brands and launched a series of international mergers and acquisitions. Some international famous brands were owned by me and used by me, which promoted a substantial increase in the economic efficiency of enterprises, and initially achieved the traditional textile manufacturing enterprises. The transformation and upgrading of the internationally renowned fashion holding group has laid a solid foundation for the development of high-end independent brands in China.
China cannot prematurely hollow out the industry, and it is necessary to promote the coordinated development of “introduction” and “going out”. Chinese brands and Chinese culture should go out of the way. Chen Lifen, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Jiangsu Sunshine Group, said that only by letting our own brands go out and letting our culture go out can we expand the influence of Chinese manufacturing and enhance the image of Chinese brands. Ever since, Sunny Group has actively expanded its international market and established a stable supply chain relationship with a number of internationally renowned brands. Sunnyleaf has achieved 12%, 20%, and 10% market share in the United States, Japan, and Europe, respectively, and has established a manufacturing network in China. Good image. In the past two years, Sunshine has invested and built factories overseas, not only for the transfer of manufacturing, but also for exporting its own brand, exporting Chinese culture, making the global market with high-quality Chinese manufacturing, and more acclaimed China. Brand.
Wang Wei, deputy general manager of Shanghai National People’s Congress and Dongfang International Group’s Shanghai Textile Decoration Company, also stated that polishing national brands and allowing national brands to go global is not only related to China’s competitiveness in the global trade map, but also bears on the output of Chinese culture. Heavy responsibility. In recent years, with the development of economic globalization, our products have come to the world, but the corresponding brands and cultural outputs have been obviously inadequate. Brand building and enhancing “cultural self-confidence” have a long way to go. To this end, she suggested that at the brand strategy level, as soon as possible, we should study and introduce relevant policies to help transform and upgrade our national brands, go abroad and go global, and increase the global competitiveness of Chinese companies.